Architectures of the Sun
Docomomo Journal 60 (2019/2)

Editors: Ana Tostões

Guest editors: Susana Lobo

Keywords: Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Holiday architecture, Leisure architecture, Tourism modern architecture.

In 1937, CIAM 5 specifically linked the housing question to leisure, considering it an absolute necessity to acknowledge that the most privileged places will be chosen for the location of these leisure areas. Taking possession of these places by large masses will allow for rest and outdoor exercise, the indispensable recuperation of the forces lost in the city. As Charlotte Périand (1903–1999) asserted, the need to create machines à recréer, the goal was definitively to assure “the happiness of men”. From the first optimistic architectural swimming-pool complexes to discovering the enjoyment of beaches or of winter sports in the mountains, these “architectures of the Sun” began to link the power of landscapes with the relaxation and pleasure of the human body. Associated with healthy living and claimed for all, for the first time, the beaches, mountains, lakes and forests became identified as places for vacations.
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The right to holidays or the emergence of an era of optimism
Ana Tostões


From paid holidays to mass tourism: a typological evolution
Susana Lobo


Public swimming pools in Australia
Hannah Lewi

Holiday colonies for Italian youth during Fascism
Marco Mulazzani

From the Ciutat de Repòs to the Ciudades Sindicales de Vacaciones: seaside Vacation City for Workers in Marbella. The present of modern leisure heritage
Mar Loren-Méndez, Daniel Pinzón-Ayala, Roberto F. Alonso-Jiménez

Weaving the Xenia network in post-war Greece: The ethical structure of hospitality
Emilia Athanassiou

Hotel megastructures: the Balaia “turn key” experience in Portugal
Susana Lobo

Tourist towns in Languedoc-Roussillon: projects and discourse for mass tourism
Izol Marez Lopéz

Building High Tatras: dilemma of form Architecture of 1960s and 1970s in the most famous Slovak mountain resort
Henrieta Moravčíková

E.1027: Maison en bord de mer a prototypical vacation residence
Wilfried Wang

E.1027: murder and mystery of the camera Gems on the history of the house E.1027 created by Eileen Gray and Jean Badovici
Christian Müller

Eileen Gray and the influence of Cubism
Rosamund Diamond

Should Le Corbusier’s E.1027 murals be considered as “historical monuments”?
Agnès Cailliau

Documentation Issues

Tourism and modern architecture in a “Green Hell”: Hotel Amazonas (1947–1952)
Ricardo Paiva


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